The strategic importance of STI is growing in today's society, and countries are competing to achieve excellence in this field. Innovation is facilitated in an environment where diverse human resources interact, collaborate, and compete. In fact, it is known that there is a correlation between research power and international brain circulation.
Promoting international research mobility and creating international brain circulation is a prerequisite for robust R&D. To this end, it is important to internationalize the research ecosystem, promote international human resource exchange, and firmly integrate Japan into the international brain circulation network.
The Japanese government is working on such issues. For example, the Sixth Science and Technology, and Innovation Basic Plan set the following major objectives, and states that in carrying out these STI policies, the perspectives of international cooperation and competition should be taken into consideration.
- Enable each and every one of the people to enjoy diverse happiness by redesigning Japan's society, achieving solutions to global issues ahead of the rest of the world, and ensuring the safety and security of the people.
- Continue to create knowledge with diversity and excellence, and restore the world's highest level of research capabilities.
- In order to transform Japan as a whole into Society 5.0, develop human resources who pursue diverse happiness and face challenges.
As a major funding agency for science and technology research, JST will also launch in June 2023 an open call for applications for the Adopting Sustainable Partnerships for Innovative Research Ecosystem (ASPIRE), which enables doctoral students, post‐doctoral fellows, and young researchers to gain experience and organize workshops at leading overseas laboratories. 50.1 billion yen in the FY2022 supplementary budget (JST 44 billion yen, AMED 6.1 billion yen) fund to promote Japanese researchers' participation in international scientific top circles and strengthen exchanges and connections among outstanding young researchers.
Under this special topic, we will introduce the current status and challenges of Japan's research efforts to promote international brain circulation to produce outstanding research results as well as the attractiveness of Japan's research environment as a key to attracting foreign researchers, through a series of interviews with relevant people in the field such as researchers or leaders of top research institutes.
Links to each of the interviews will be available below, and updated as new articles are released.
List of interviewees:
- <OIST> Former president Peter Gruss
- <OIST> Professor Gail Tripp
- <OIST> Professor Pinaki Chakraborty
- <FFJ> Professor Sébastien Lechevalier
- <NIMS> President Kazuhiro Hono
- <NIMS> Senior Researcher Rudder Wu
- <NIED> President Kaoru Takara
- <NIED> Chief Expert Researcher Shakti P. C.
- <QST> President Shigeo Koyasu
- <QST> Director Ming-Rong Zhang